Protect dogs from Lyme disease

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dog in grass
Keep the lawn trimmed to make it less hospitable to ticks that transmit Lyme disease. Valley News/Courtesy photo

TEMECULA – Lyme disease is a potentially dangerous condition transmitted by the passing of bacteria from deer ticks to their unsuspecting hosts. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. Lyme disease also is a cause for concern in Canada, parts of Europe and Asia.

Tens of thousands of people are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year, but Lyme disease also affects animals, including popular house pets like dogs. Tufts University said that the Lyme bacterium can cause serious illness in some dogs. Lyme disease can be difficult to detect and cause serious and recurring health problems, which is why it is essential for pet parents make concerted efforts to reduce the risk that their dogs become infected.

The American Veterinary Medical Association said the best way to protect pets against Lyme disease is to emphasize prevention.

Speak with your veterinarian about a tick preventive product that is right for your dog. These products can include repellant collars, topical treatments and ingestible medications.

Vets may recommend vaccination against Lyme disease if a pet owner lives in an area that is home to high tick populations. Recommendations also may be based on the pet’s lifestyle and overall health, among other factors.

Address conditions in the yard that are conducive to ticks. Mowing the lawn regularly is one way to make the backyard less attractive to ticks, as is removing leaf litter.

Keep a clean home and landscape. Rodents and other wildlife can carry deer ticks. Securing trash cans, picking up food scraps, removing hiding spots and potential dens and other strategies can keep these carriers away.

Conduct a daily tick check if the dog spends time outside. Pay attention to bumps on the skin and part the fur so you can see where the coat meets the skin. Don’t forget to look in the ears.

When possible, avoid areas where ticks may be found, such as tall grasses, wooded areas and marshes. Stick to trails when spending time in wooded areas.

Dogs with Lyme disease may exhibit various symptoms. These include loss of appetite, fever, joint swelling, decreased activity and lameness. Visit the vet promptly if symptoms occur and do not abate, or are causing considerable distress for the pet.

Lyme disease is a concern for pets. Avoidance, preventive measures and outdoor maintenance can help reduce the likelihood that pets will contract Lyme disease.